A doctor may recommend surgery for broken bones to reduce stiffness and maintain muscle strength. Once the surgical procedure is complete, the injured part should be moved as soon as possible. Afterwards, doctors may recommend muscle-strengthening and range-of-motion exercises. Patients should also exercise the rest of the body to keep the muscles strong. While the injured part is immobile, physical therapy can help prevent stiffness and help the body heal.
Treatment of broken bones
Treatment of broken bones involves the use of metal plates and screws to hold pieces of the bone together. In some cases, pins and wires are used to hold pieces in place that are too small for fasteners. Some patients have to live with these pins and wires for the rest of their lives and will need follow-up surgeries to remove them.
Treatment of broken bones can take weeks or months to complete. The recovery time depends on the type of bone fracture and whether the patient adheres to treatment instructions. For example, an arm may take one month to heal while a leg may take six months to heal. However, once the bone is healed, it will become stronger along the fracture line.
Broken bones can result from direct trauma or from a fall. The types of fractures vary, ranging from simple to complex. Simple fractures are clean breaks, while more complicated fractures involve multiple pieces of bone that require more care. Comminuted fractures, which can occur when vertebrae collapse due to osteoporosis, require careful treatment. Whatever the type, the goal of broken bone treatment is to put the pieces back in place. It is also important to keep the pieces of bone from moving out of place until they heal. The technical term for this process is reduction. Compression fractures, which are the most common, usually involve two bones that are forced against each other. People who are older are more likely to experience compression fractures than younger people.
Symptoms of a broken bone
Broken bones can result in several symptoms including pain, swelling, tenderness, deformity, and bruising. These symptoms are not always obvious, but they should prompt you to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Broken bones can be caused by repetitive stress on the bone. Common fracture sites include the wrist, ankle, hip, and clavicle.
The first step in treatment is to make sure the fracture site is free from infection. Using an ice pack against the area can reduce the swelling and pain. Alternatively, a splint made from rolled up newspaper or a strip of wood can be used. Either way, it’s important to elevate the limb to reduce swelling and pain.
During the first few hours following a fracture, it may feel like a bruise. As part of the protective response, nearby muscles tense, contracting to stabilize the bone. This may result in a hematoma, a small collection of blood beneath the skin. The hematoma will eventually be replaced by fibrous tissue called a soft callus, which will harden into a bone. The new bone will fill in the space between the broken ends of the bone.
Complications of a broken bone
A broken bone can cause several complications that can develop within a matter of hours, days, or weeks. These complications include shock, compartment syndrome, loss of function, and even death. Fortunately, most of these complications are avoidable and treatable. If you experience a broken bone, you should immediately seek medical attention.
Your doctor will take x-rays of your broken bone to assess the severity of the injury. The doctor will usually take x-rays of the affected area from two angles. This allows them to see the alignment of fracture fragments. However, some fractures are small enough that they do not show up on routine x-rays. If you have an occult fracture, additional x-rays will be necessary to reveal it.
Broken bones can be extremely painful and make it difficult for you to move the affected part. They can also cause other complications, which can make it more difficult for you to recover. A broken bone can also be accompanied by other injuries, such as a broken blood vessel. This can prolong your healing time and cause further pain and suffering.